Chapter: Laws of ehram
Scent And Ihram
(1) If the bottle of scent taken in hand caused the scent to stuck on even a small area, but others say this to be emitting an excellent fragrance, then Dam becomes obligatory (wajib). Otherwise, a Sadaqah applies for a small amount of scent stuck on the body. (Bahar-e-Shariyat, Volume 1, Part 6, Page 1163).
(2) If perfumed oil is applied on the head, and a major part of the body like, thigh, face, calf or the entire head becomes fragrant, be it by the application of perfumed oil or through scent, then Dam becomes obligatory (wajib). (Bahar-e-Shariyat, Volume 1, Part 6, Page 1163).
(3) If the scent stuck on the bed or on the ihram or someone applied the scent, then according to the measure of the smell, if that is strong then Dam applies and if that is lighter then Sadaqah applies. (Bahar-e-Shariyat, Volume 1, Part 6, Page 1163).
(4) At the time of applying the scent, if the person wearing ihram was not present on the bed or his ihram coverlets were not on his body, and he comes to know later about it, then if he does not use the bed and the ihram, then there is no Kaffarah applied to him. If he uses it, then Kaffarah has to be given by him.
(5) The scent applied on the ihram or on the body before wearing ihram may not necessarily be removed. It is allowed to use both the coverlets of the ihram irrespective of the level of fragrance present in them.
(6) Wet Dream (or taking bath becoming obligatory without intercourse) occurs or due to any other reason if the ihram becomes unclean and impure, then the other set of clean ihram available cannot be worn if they are emitting fragrance. If the smell is satiated, then wearing that ihram is permissible. The person in ihram could wear only those two coverlets of ihram on which he had applied scent prior to making an intention for ihram, and after wearing them he had pronounced the intention for ihram. Except those two, if he wears any other coverlets with scent, then Kaffarah would become imperative. Hence, if no coverlets without scent are available, remove the ihram wearing, clean them and wear again.
(7) In ihram while kissing the HajrAswad (black stone) if much smell got stuck, then Dam applies, or if a lesser amount of smell got stuck, then Sadaqah applies. (Bahar-e-Shariyat, Volume 1, Part 6, Page 1164).
Note: Wherever the issue of sticking scent comes, others have to judge whether the fragrance present is strong or lighter. Because of the application of Dam on the emission of strong smell, it is possible that our mind could misjudged the smell to be lighter.
(8) After making the intention of ihram, people garland the Hajis wearing ihram with Rose or Lavender flowers. This is prohibited. They should not garland.
(9) It is Makruh or abominable for the person in ihram to smell the fragrant fruits such as lemon, orange or flowers like rose, jasmine etc. No Kaffarah applies for this. (Bahar-e-Shariyat, Volume 1, Part 6, Page 1163).
(10) Muhrim cannot eat raw cardamom. This is haraam. If only the aromatic things like, cardamom, glove, cinnamon eaten got stuck in the mouth, then Dam becomes wajib, and if the quantity happens to be less, then only Sadaqah applies.
(11) Any cooked aromatic substance still emitting fragrance could be eaten. In the same way, if those aromatic things not included while cooking but splashed over the wood after cooking, but there is no fragrance coming out of them, then it is permissible to eat.
If the uncooked aromatic substances are mixed with food or medicine, and in case such aromatic things are more than the other eatable substance, then this fall under the category of smells and aromaticcommands. In such cases Kaffarah is applicable, because the smell stuck in most of the parts inside the mouth hence, Dam is applicable, and if small amount of smell stuck into the mouth, then Sadaqah becomes wajib. And if the amount of grains is more and the smell is very less then, there is no Kaffarah. And yes! If only the smell of aroma is present then it is abominable (Makruh).
(12) If there is aroma present in the soft drinks (for example any aromatic essence) mixed with any aromatic substance and the aroma is very strong, then Dam is applicable. If the aroma is less and if consumed more than three time, then Dam is applicable, otherwise, only Sadaqah has to be given. (Bahar-e-Shariyat, Volume 1, Part 6, Page 1165).
(13) The Muhrim can apply coconut oil on the hair, there is no objection, and however, the sesame and olive come under the category of the commands for aromatics. Had there been no aroma, then they would not have been applied on the body. Yes! Their consumption, drop in nostrils and ears, application on wounds etc. do not attract any Kaffarah. (Bahar-e-Shariyat, Volume 1, Part 6, Page 1166).
(14) In ihram, applying kohl (Surma) with fragrance is haraam. If one or two picks are applied then Sadaqah becomes wajib, and if three or more picks are applied then Dam becomes obligatory (wajib). (Rukn-e-Deen, Book of Hajj, Page 296)
(15) In order to clean the hands, the hand-wash with fragrance, shampoo or soap and for washing the dishes fragrant powder or lotion could be used. (RefeequlHarmain)
(16) In ihram application of scent is not permissible. Hence, if the same is stuck to the body or clothes, it is obligatory to remove it. If Kaffarah is given for the smell, and then the smell still not cleaned, then Dam becomes obligatory. Hence, the smell should be quenched and cleaned before giving Kaffarah. (Bahar-e-Shariyat, Volume 1, Part 6, Page 1166).