Chapter: Learn haj & umrah
Why is it important to learn haj and umrah
Haj is one of the five pillars of Islam and was made obligatory in the tenth, ninth or sixth year, according to different reports [Ibn Kathir, al Bidayah wa al Nihayah, 5/109].
In the tenth year the Prophet (peace be upon him) announced that he intended to perform haj, When he halted in Arafat, the following ayah was revealed to him:
This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.
[Noble Quran 5:3] [Sahih al Bukhari, Fath al Bari, 8/108]
The Muslims learned the rituals of the haj from the Prophet (peace be upon him) when he said: "Take your rituals from me." His haj was full of laws pertaining to the Shari'ah, especially matters pertaining to the hajj, and general advice and laws which were mentioned in the Sermon of Arafat. For this reason, the scholars showed great interest in the farewell pilgrimage and derived many laws from it, dealing with the rituals of hajj and other matters, of which the books of fiqh and Hadith explanation are full. Some of the scholars wrote books dealing specifically with the farewell pilgrimage.
Advice to strongly cling to the Book of Allah, in which lies the honor of Muslims and their victory. Likewise, the order to stick to the Sunnah, which explains the Quran, for verily the reason for Muslims' weakness today is their leaving of judging by the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger. There will be no victory for Muslims except by returning to these two Sources.
Testimony of the Companions that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) conveyed the message, discharged his trust and counseled the Ummah.
Subtle indication that the Prophet's farewell would soon come.
Warning against fighting and killing among Muslims, which is disbelief in action, which does not take one out of the fold of Islam, as in his (peace be upon him) saying: "Cursing a Muslim is Fusuq, and fighting him is kufr." [agreed upon]